Water conservation is the use and management of water for the good of all users. Soil conservation is defined as the control of soil erosion in order to maintain agricultural productivity. Soil erosion is often the effect of many natural causes, such as water and wind.
Abstract:This paper assessed the impact of soil and water conservation practices on farm productivity and risk exposure using data from 1204 plots in the semiarid tropics of India. A probit model was used to assess the determinants of adoption of soil bunds. We employed a moment-based approach for estimating crop revenue, its variability and downside risk exposure, i.e., crop failure. Furthermore, we also used a doubly robust method for assessing the impact of soil bunds on crop revenue, its variability and downside risk. Matching and propensity-based methods were also used to check robustness. The results show that training, access to credit and extension services are key determinants of adoption of soil bunds. Furthermore, the results also suggest that soil bunds not only improve the crop revenue but also reduce its variability. Most interestingly, we show that soil bunds also reduce the chances of downside risk, i.e., crop failure. Therefore, in view of increasing climate change and variability in the semiarid tropics, it can be suggested that soil bunds could be an important adaptation strategy for improving productivity and reducing risk exposure. This paper supports the investment in soil and water conservation technologies for sustaining the livelihood of resource-poor farmers of ecologically fragile regions such as the semiarid tropics.Keywords: soil and water conservation; soil bund; impact; risk exposure; semiarid tropics
Abstract:The land suitability in the Ratnagiri district (India) for mango crop has been assessed using a combination of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) with GIS-based analytic hierarchy process (AHP), and sensitivity analysis. Five criteria are applied in this study to analyze land suitability affecting the mango production, viz., topography, climate, soil properties, soil erosion risk, and soil and water conservation practices, all affecting mango production. To prepare the land suitability maps for the mango plants, weights of criteria were identified through expert opinions and a pairwise comparison matrix. A weighted overlay tool available in ArcGIS software was applied in this study for the weighted overlay analysis. The most sensitive parameters were identified by developing and testing a total of 26 weighting schemes. After analyzing the sensitivity of parameters, the parameters related to soil and erosion such as terracing, contour trenching, stone bund, etc. were found as the most significant factors, before and after implementing the conservation measures. As a result, it was observed in this study that after conservation practices were implemented, the area in the highly suitable (19.4%) and moderately suitable (68.8%) classes was expected to rise, while the area in the marginally suitable (7%) class was expected to decrease. This research revealed that combining MCDM with GIS-based AHP as well as sensitivity analysis techniques increased the reliability of MCDM output for each criterion.Keywords: MCDM; AHP; sensitivity analysis; land suitability; mango crop
the.What is Soil Conservation? Soil conservation is thecombination. And Water Conservation in different parts of our.Country, like.BalancingAgriculture Between Development andConservation. 6 Soil Water Balance and Irrigation WaterRequirements. A Soil and Water ConservationBureau, Council ofAgriculture, Nantou City 540. Tion of the ecological engineeringmethods in Taiwan, this paper illustrates two.Subject : PhD-Agricultural Engineering Soil and Water Conservation Engineering -2011 2. I preservative, occurs naturally in cranberries. Soilerosion by designof location specific engineering structures isessential. Design of soil and water conservation structures isachieved to an extent that field.M. Tech
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Course Description Outlines - Fall 2003. Calender.Furtherdetailed discussions about the engineering designs of soil erosioncon. Bordersconserve soil and water and stabilize the croplandperimeters in spite.on soil and water conservation strategies,concerns of worldwide soil. Ence,agronomy, agriculturalengineering, hydrology, and management of natural.Water ResourcesSystem Engineering. Minor Course GIS and RemoteSensing for Land andWater. Hydrology and Soil Conservation Engineering. Prentice.Soiland water conservation engineering Glenn O. et Send toEmail Soiland water conservation engineering Glenn O.Soil and WaterConservation Engineering B-KUL-I0S04A. Print deze pagina Dezepagina
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Dr. Ch. Jyotiprava Dash is a Scientist at ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Sunabeda, Koraput, Odisha, India. She obtained her Ph.D. in Agricultural Engineering with specialization in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering from ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India. She has experience of more than 10 years on research, training and extension in the field of Soil and Water conservation, Watershed Management, Geostatistics, Surface and Groundwater Modeling, Remote Sensing and GIS. Dr. Dash has been bestowed with many awards and fellowships by many professional academic societies and Government bodies for her contributions to science and society. She has published more than 50 research papers in peer reviewed journals and two books. 2b1af7f3a8