The opening paragraph will first ask you a few questions:
Having just taken on a new question, do you feel like you don't know where to start?
With a big decision to make right away, will you struggle with multiple options and headaches?
When you check the cause of the problem, do you think of something to see, and you have no clue?
If, like me, you are troubled by the above questions, then your gospel is coming, and today I will introduce a more comprehensive way of thinking - the Osborne audit form method.
What is the Osborne Audit Form Method?
Didn't you feel very tall just after hearing the name? Baidu Encyclopedia's explanation of it is as follows:
The so-called Osborne audit table method is to list the relevant problems according to the characteristics of the object of study according to the needs, form an audit list, and then check and discuss one by one, so as to discover a large number of ideas to solve the problem, which guides people to solve the problem according to the ideas of the audit project, in order to facilitate more thorough thinking.
What what? You don't understand? Don't worry, this is normal, let me explain to you in detail what the bottom of this product is.
Speaking of the Osborne Audit Form, its inventor is Alex Osborne, the father of creation and creation engineering and the inventor of brainstorming (yes, he also invented the brainstorming that you often talk about). Many of his creative mindsets have become Latest Mailing Database household names, and his book Creative Imagination once sold more than the Bible. To put it bluntly, he invented this audit form to solve the problem of innovation that you do not know how to think, or think that the problem is not comprehensive.
Imagination is the touchstone of human ability, and it is by imagination that human beings conquer the world. —Alex Osborne
The principle is that according to his previous experience, the main points of the analysis of the problem are summarized into 9 items, and then written into a table, so that we can check them one by one according to the items in the table when thinking about the problem. After we have completed these 9 items, we will screen and integrate according to the results checked in the table.
The detailed operation steps are:
Select a product or program to be improved;
According to the items in the [Osborne Audit Form], ask a series of questions about the product or solution and fill in the form, from which you will have a lot of ideas;
According to the large number of ideas proposed in the second step, it is screened and further considered and perfected to arrive at the most valuable and innovative ideas.
So the core of the Osborne Audit Form is to make improvements based on the status quo, or the key word is: improvement!!! Improve by thinking about the results of changes in the status quo.
Details of osborne audit forms
Speaking of this, you must think: I rely on, there is such a magical table, what does it look like? Without further ado, I'll list the detailed audit projects below:
Are there any other uses for existing things (e.g., inventions, materials, methods, etc.)? Does keeping it as it is can be used to expand use? With a slight change, is there any other use?
Can you learn from elsewhere? Can you borrow from experiences or inventions elsewhere? Is there any similar idea from the outside world, can it be used as a reference? Is there anything similar in the past, and what is there to imitate? Whose stuff is there to imitate? Can existing inventions be introduced into other inventive ideas?
Can something be changed in what is already there? What if you change it? Can you change the shape, color, sound, taste? Can you change the meaning, model, mold, form of motion? ...... After the change, what will be the effect?
Zoom in, zoom in. Can existing things be expanded? Can you add something? Can you add parts, stretch longer, increase length, increase strength, extend service life, increase value, and speed up rotation? ......
Shrink, omit. How about shrinking a little? Can something now shrink in size, reduce weight, reduce height, compress, thin? ...... Can it be omitted, can it be further subdivided?
Can it be substituted. Can it be replaced by something else, replaced by someone else? Replace with other materials and parts, replace with other methods and processes, and replace them with other energy sources? Can I choose a different location?
Think about it from the perspective of interchange. Can I change the order of precedence? Can I exchange components and components? Is a different model available, or can it be arranged in a different way? Can cause and effect be reversed? Can you change your schedule? What happens if you replace it?
Thinking about problems in the opposite direction can also become a valuable source of imagination through contrast, which can inspire people's thinking. What happens the other way around? Can I turn it upside down? Can I swap positions left and right, front and back? Can I reverse it inside and out? Can the positive and negative be reversed? Can negation be used instead of affirmation?
Analyze the problem from an integrated perspective. How about combining? Can it be assembled into a system? Can the purpose be combined? Is it possible to synthesize ideas? Can I combine various components? Wait a minute.